The history of the park
Over time, the action of the Mediterranean and the Rhone combined with the inhabitants’ has helped shaping a multitude of environments of unparalleled richness.
In 1859, a dike was built to control the upwelling of salt water from the Mediterranean Sea. 10 years later, the Rhone was dammed to reduce the flooding of arable land caused by the river. In the north of the Park, the wild landscapes were gradually replaced by cereal fields, asparagus crops, vineyards, but also, and above all, by rice fields.
Head south to explore the primitive Camargue nature where “sansouïres”, ponds and marshes are everywhere. These wild spaces are gradually being nibbled away by crops. Yet they are essential to preserve the biodiversity and balance of this site. The maintenance of natural pastures is also essential for the breeding of the Camargue bulls and white horses.
In 1927, the territory was classified as a National Camargue Reserve by a national nature protection society. The Regional Park was created in 1970 and has been managed by a foundation ever since. Its goal is to preserve the local fauna and flora while supporting traditional activities. It was not until 1975 that the area from the north of the Vaccarès pond to the sea was classified as a Natural Reserve.