The genesis of the museum
André Malraux, in 1969, decided to build a museum to house the series of works Biblical Message donated by Marc Chagall to France. The museum was built in Nice, on land donated by the city, with the active participation of the artist. In 1973 the National Museum Marc Chagall Biblical Message was inaugurated. On the artist’s death, the museum inherited new works as a result of the dation, a procedure which allows the payment of inheritance rights in works of art. The institution changed its name in 2008 to become the Musée national Marc Chagall (March Chagall National Museum). This change followed a major work campaign to modernize the technical installations.
The building was designed by André Hermant, a talented architect who collaborated with Le Corbusier and Auguste Perret. He became interested in museography at a very young age and defended an architecture where function determines form. He designed a place of spirituality, conducive to a climate of serenity and sobriety. The approach was unusual: the place was adapted to pre-existing works that would be presented permanently.
The garden plays an essential role in the Marc Chagall Museum. It welcomes visitors who move around the heart of a Mediterranean flora with olive trees, cypresses, pines, holm oaks and lavender.